Beauty Talk Pigmentation

Beauty Talk Pigmentation

Beauty Talk Pigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is a frustrating skin condition that can seem impossible to treat. We are talking about dark spots, freckles, and melasma.  Harmless, but it can become a problem  if it takes a toll on your confidence.  We all like to have a natural-looking skin without foundation or a tinted moisturiser.  Hyperpigmentation is a treatable condition. There is skin care products that can help you combat hyperpigmentation.  It’s important to understand why Hyperpigmentation happens in the first place.

 Types of hyperpigmentation

 

Hyperpigmentation comes in many forms.

Hyperpigmentation and what causes it

 
To understand hyperpigmentation, melanin is  the pigment that is responsible for skin color.   We all  produce melanin in our skin, which gives skin its color.
Melanin is formed from the successful delivery of tyrosinase, a pigment regulating enzyme, to the melanocytes, which is the cell that is responsible for producing melanin in the skin. When the melanocytes become damaged, unhealthy or hyperactive, melanin production will be affected. This causes skin patches that appear darker than the neighboring skin.
 
 

Melasma

Melasma presents as an uneven patch of brown to gray-brown discoloration on the face, especially on the cheeks and bridge of the nose. While men can experience melasma, this skin condition is more common in women.

 

Dark Spots

Dark Spots also known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, occur due to inflammation of your skin during the healing process of a bad breakout, wound or rash. The inflammation triggers the production of more melanin, which makes the skin appear darker.

 
 

Sun exposure

Pigmentation can become more intense during excess sun exposure. When UV rays connect with  the skin, it causes damage. In an attempt to restore your skin, your body produces more melanin and send signs of discolouration to the surface. This causes skin discoloration or uneven skin tone.
 
 

Hormonal changes

Being pregnant or taking birth control pills can cause  changes in estrogen and progesterone hormone levels. Overproduction of estrogen and progesterone hormones stimulates excessive melanin production. This can result in  Unsightly marked face and sometimes, the belly area.
 

Age

With age, the number of melanocytes decrease however the remaining ones increase in size and their distribution becomes more focused. This explains the increase of discolouration in the over 40 year age group.
 

Stress

Some studies have been done and found that a brain-skin connection exists, and that skin conditions may be provoked by stress as part of the body’s immune response mechanisms.
 
 

Products to treat Pigmentation

 

 

Look for brightening serums that feature ingredients such as Vitamin C, Vitamin A,  AHA,  niacinamide, dermabrasion